Gynecomastia is defined as benign, excessive breast development in men. Gynecomastia, which can also be observed in infancy and old age, occurs most frequently in adolescence. Although gynecomastia is not harmful to health, it causes distress and embarrassment. Long-standing gynecomastia does not regress spontaneously. It requires medical treatment and surgical intervention when necessary. Plastic Surgery operations and treatments in Turkey are 100% successful operations.
Causes of Gynecomastia
Hormone disorders; disorders associated with testosterone deficiency and some syndromes; testicular tumors, adrenal gland tumors, thyroid gland diseases (hyperthyroidism or goiter), certain types of cancer, especially lung and liver, liver cirrhosis, long-term use of certain drugs and substances (alcohol, amphetamine antidepressants, drug substances) and excessive weight gain known gynecomastia. Therefore, a detailed screening should be performed in terms of the diseases that may lie on the floor of the people who have complaints before they pass the doctor’s check.
Gynecomastia is classified as three different types in itself. The diseases can usually occur as ‘glandular gynecomastia’. This type is like the female breast, but there are mammary glands that do not produce milk, and only the glandular type is involved in the increase of these glands. In another type, called ‘gynecomastia oily’, there is no increase in the mammary gland tissue, only increase in the fat of the breast region and it is usually caused by alcohol or frequent weight gain. The last one is the ‘mixed type’ where both types are seen together.
The Most Important Factors That Trigger Gynecomastia
The most important factors that trigger gynecomastia are as follows:
Hormonal Changes: Excessive secretion of estrogen hormone, which is thought to be only in women but also in men, or low levels of testosterone hormone secretion; It is a natural condition that is seen intensively in men during infancy and adolescence. Although more than half of the infants are born with swollen breast tissue, this condition spontaneously resolves within 2 or 3 weeks. Similarly, enlarged breasts during puberty return to their normal shape within 2-3 years without treatment. Gynecomastia is also common in men between the ages of 50 and 69 years.
Side Effects of Several Drugs: AIDS drugs, drugs prescribed for the prevention of prostate cancer, anti-depressants, ant-anxiety drugs, antibiotics; When used regularly, the person can bring swelling of the breast tissue. Men undergoing chemotherapy are also at risk.
Some Health Problems: Some health problems that may cause hormonal imbalance; Other possible causes of gynecomastia. Testicular and pituitary gland tumors, hypertriodia, renal and hepatic insufficiency, pituitary insufficiency, hunger and malnutrition, obesity may cause decreased testosterone secretion in men.
Several Cosmetic Products: Shampoo and tea oils used in skin care and lavender extract tea tree, increasing estrogen release, breast tissue can expand.
Gynecomastia Surgery in Turkey
Gynecomastia is treated with surgery in cases where drug treatment is not enough. Breast tissue can be surgically removed by direct excision techniques. Surgery is the only way out in people who have been feeling psychologically unhappy and have long been suffering from gynecomastia. However, this surgery is not performed for those who have not reached the adult size of the testis.